How to Change Nginx 80 Port in Linux

Nginx is an open-source lightweight web server alternative to apache to handle high-traffic websites.

With all its due features, it can easily manage to load balance and reverse proxy for your site or can be used as a mail server proxy as a POP and IMAP.

By default, Nginx runs on port 80 to handle web traffic requests, which can be changed to something else by editing the configuration files.

Today, you will learn how to change the Nginx port in Linux in a few simple steps.

Prerequisites

  • Nginx Web Server in your system
  • Web Browser to check the result (Chrome, Firefox, etc.)
  • Your 2-minute time

How to Install Nginx in Linux (Skip if it exists)

To install the Nginx web server for your Debian or RHEL-based distributions, ensure you have a proper internet connection and open your terminal using Ctrl+Alt+t or Ctl+Shift+t and execute the below command.

Note: Installation requires system changes, having a root user or sudo account should be a must to gain the privileges.

$ sudo apt install nginx  [On Debian/Ubuntu]
$ sudo dnf install nginx  [On CentOS/Fedora]

After the installation process is complete, start the server daemon process using the below command.

$ sudo systemctl start nginx

As you have installed Nginx in your respective Linux system, you can jump to the next step to continue changing the Nginx port in Linux.

Modifying the Configuration Files

Changing the default Nginx port requires modifications in the configuration files. This configuration file location might differ from distribution to distribution.

For Debian/Ubuntu distributions, the Nginx Web Server configuration file required to be modified is located at /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default

For CentOS/Fedora distributions, the Nginx Web Server configuration file required to be modified is located at /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

Change Nginx Port in Linux

Before starting the process of changing the default port, stop your currently running server using the below command.

$ sudo systemctl stop nginx

Verify the process is stopped using the below command.

$ systemctl status nginx

To change the default port (80) for HTTP, modify the below Nginx configuration file depending on the type of distribution you were using, using the text editor (nano, vim).

$ sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default     [On Debian/Ubuntu]
$ sudo nano /etc/nginx/nginx.conf                [On CentOS/Fedora]

Below is the output of the above default and nginx.conf configuration files.

Once the configuration file is opened, find the Listen 80 and Listen [::]: 80 string within the file and replace 80 with something else. For me, it’s 88 port, as shown below.

After the configuration is saved with the modification for Debian or Ubuntu-based Distributions, start or restart the Nginx server using the below command.

$ sudo systemctl restart nginx  [On Debian/Ubuntu]

During assigning port, RHEL-based distributions such as CentOS or Fedora require you to install policycoreutils and add the below rules required by SELinux for nginx.

$ sudo dnf install policycoreutils
$ sudo semanage port -a -t http_port_t -p tcp 88
$ sudo semanage port -m -t http_port_t -p tcp 88

Finally, restart the Nginx web server to apply changes.

$ sudo systemctl restart nginx

Now Nginx is bound to the new port 88. You can check your local network socket table using the netstat command to find the Nginx port as listed below.

$ sudo netstat -tlpn| grep nginx

Below is the output of the above command.

Check the local network socket table using the netstat command
Check the local network socket table using the netstat command

Finally, open your Web browser (Chrome, Firefox, etc.) and enter http://localhost:88.

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