Many times we face issues while starting the MYSQL server on Linux System. There may be a couple of reasons for it. Sometimes old configuration file already exists in the system and is not removed correctly while uninstalling.
In that case, we have to manually delete the MYSQL server and configuration file. After that, try to reinstall it again.
Today, we will explain how you can uninstall the MYSQL server and configuration file entirely and make a fresh install on your Linux System.
Note: Make sure to take a backup of your MySQL databases. After following the below procedure, you may lose data your data permanently.
Uninstall MYSQL Sever Package
First of all, we have to check whether MySQL is running in our system or not. If it is already running in our system, your foremost step is to stop MySQL, or the uninstaller may throw an unusual error.
To check the status, pass the following command:
$ sudo systemctl status mysql
In my case, the MYSQL server is running, so we have to stop it.
$ sudo systemctl stop mysql
$ sudo systemctl status mysql
After verifying the status, you can remove the MySQL server without any errors. Not only that, but you can also remove the dependencies that were installed.
For that, we have to use the apt-purge command, which will ensure that no dependencies should be left over on your system.
Read more about the list of apt command’s which many users still don’t know.
To uninstall the MYSQL server, pass the following command:
$ sudo apt purge mysql-server mysql-client mysql-common mysql-server-core-* mysql-client-core-*
The above command will ensure that whatever type of MySQL you have installed in your system should be removed completely.
Backup or Remove the MYSQL Directory
Once you complete the above steps, we need to remove residual files which present in /etc and /var/lib/mysql directory.
I strongly recommend you to rename the directory instead of removing it. If you wish to recover any piece of information in the future, it will be easy for you.
I’m asking you to follow because some of the configuration or log files can be useful for your next installations.
To take a backup of the respective directory, pass the below command:
$ sudo mv /var/lib/mysql /var/lib/mysql_bk
$ sudo mv /etc/mysql /etc/mysql_bk
Or else, you can delete it by typing the below command in your terminal:
$ sudo rm -r /etc/mysql /var/lib/mysql
Auto Remove & Clean leftover dependencies
The last step is to clean all the packages that are installed while installing MYSQL in our system because this file is no longer needed:
$ apt autoremove
$ apt autoclean
That’s all to uninstall MySQL from Ubuntu.
Installation of MYSQL Package
After complete uninstallation and removing the configuration file from your system, you may proceed to install MySQL on your Ubuntu/Debian machines.
To install MySQL, pass the below command, and once the installation is completed, it will recreate the new files in /var/lib/mysql.
$ sudo apt install mysql-server
You may be intrested to read How to install MySQL properly in Linux?
If you are still facing any difficulty while removing and reinstalling MySQL in your system. Feel free to ask your query in the comment section.
A man with a tech effusive who has explored some of the amazing technology stuff and is exploring more. While moving towards, I had a chance to work on Android development, Linux, AWS, and DevOps with several open-source tools.