Docker is an Open source technology that allow you to install an run application on several container (machine) without Interfering with the host or other containers.
Container technology is similar to Virtualization, but it is more portable and easy to use.
There is two types of Docker are available Docker CE (Community Edition) and Docker EE (Enterprise Edition).
If you are a beginner who just wants to learn how to use docker or you have some minor projects go for Docker CE.
For large-scale go for the Docker EE in that, you will get the support from Certified Team.
Docker CE (Community Edition) come up with two editions Stable and Edge. The difference is that the Stable version gets an update every quarter and Edge gets an update every month with latest and security updates.
So, In this article, we learn how to install Docker on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS machine.
Table of Contents
To continue with this guided article, you should have Install Ubuntu 20.04 LTS 64-bit version, and you have the sudo privilege.
Method 1: Install Docker Using Ubuntu Repositories
Before starting the installation, I’ll like to highlight you can Install docker from the Ubuntu repository, but the small problem is you will not get the latest version.
So what I have decided I’ll guide you how you can install Docker from Ubuntu Official repository as well as another method through you can Install the latest version.
If you are not concerned with the latest version, you can follow this method or else you can skip it.
Step 1: Update Ubuntu Software Repositories
Always update the official repositories before Installing any software. This will ensure that whatever application you are trying to install should be latest as per the repositories data despite the latest version being different from the official site.
To update repository open a terminal and type the following command:
$ sudo apt update -y $ sudo apt upgrade -y
Wait for sometime to get process complete.
Step 2: Install Docker on Ubuntu 20.04
Once the update and upgrade process is complete we will install Docker. To install Docker pass the below command in terminal:
$ sudo apt install docker.io
Accept the confirmation and wait for some moment to complete the above process.
Step 3: Verify Docker
We have installed the Docker from the Ubuntu repository now we will check whether Docker is installed successfully.
Open terminal and type below command to check docker version:
$ docker --version Docker version 19.03.8, build afacb8b7f0
This shows docker is installed successfully in Our Ubuntu 20.04 systems.
Step 4: Start and Enable Docker
When we install the docker by default it will be inactive, To check the current status type in terminal:
$ sudo systemctl status docker ● docker.service - Docker Application Container Engine Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/docker.service; disabled; vendor prese> Active: inactive (dead) TriggeredBy: ● docker.socket Docs: https://docs.docker.com
So, we need to start docker service, and it’s should automatically get started when the system boots up
Type the following commands to make changes:
$ sudo systemctl start docker $ sudo systemctl enable docker
Once we pass the above command, let’s verify the changes were made successfully:
$ sudo systemctl status docker ● docker.service - Docker Application Container Engine Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/docker.service; enabled; vendor preset: en> Active: active (running) since Thu 2021-01-28 10:08:19 IST; 1min 38s ago TriggeredBy: ● docker.socket Docs: https://docs.docker.com Main PID: 40857 (dockerd) Tasks: 12 Memory: 36.6M CGroup: /system.slice/docker.service └─40857 /usr/bin/dockerd -H fd:// --containerd=/run/containerd/contain>
That’s all to install Docker from Ubuntu Official repository. If you have already installed docker before reading this article and now you want to install the latest Docker version from Official site before that, you need to remove older Docker version.
Uninstall old versions
If you already have an older version of Docker and you want to install the latest from the below method prior to that remove the older version of Docker.
To remove docker from Ubuntu machine type command:
$ sudo systemctl stop docker.io $ sudo apt remove docker.io
You have removed the older version of Docker, and now we will enable and install the latest version of Docker from an Official site repository.
Method 2: Install Docker from Official Repository
To install Docker from Official repository, we need to do some extra steps such as Install Dependencies, add GPG key, and install Docker with some tweaks.
Enabling Docker repository
In a simple step, you will be able to enable Docker repository before that update the local packages.
Step 1: Update Ubuntu Software Repositories
Open your Ubuntu Terminal and type below commands:
$ sudo apt update $ sudo apt upgrade
Step 2: Download Required Dependencies
To move ahead, we required to install few Dependencies for that open Ubuntu terminal and do the copy-paste below command:
$ sudo apt install apt-transport-https ca-certificates curl gnupg-agent software-properties-common
Accept the consent to Install required packages.
Step 3: Import Docker GPG key
We need to import the GPG key using the curl command. If you are thinking, what is GPG key? A GPG (GNU Privacy Guard) key is a security mechanism which verifies the file is genuine.
To import pass the below command in your Ubuntu terminal:
$ curl -fsSL https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu/gpg | sudo apt-key add -
Step 4: Add the Docker APT repository
This is the final step to add Docker to your Ubuntu repository pass the below command in your Ubuntu terminal and press the enter.
$ sudo add-apt-repository "deb [arch=amd64] https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu $(lsb_release -cs) stable"
Output linux/ubuntu $(lsb_release -cs) stable" Get:1 https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu focal InRelease [36.2 kB] Get:2 https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu focal/stable amd64 Packages [6,247 B] Hit:3 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal InRelease Hit:4 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-updates InRelease Hit:5 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-backports InRelease Get:6 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security InRelease [109 kB] Get:7 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/main amd64 DEP-11 Metadata [24.2 kB] Get:8 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/universe amd64 DEP-11 Metadata [56.5 kB] Fetched 232 kB in 2s (116 kB/s) Reading package lists... Done
If you focus on the above command, we have used
$(lsb_release -cs) this command will check and return the codename of your Ubuntu installation. And the last word of the command is
stable this indicates we are installing a stable version of Docker.
Above we have mentioned, Docker community edition comes up with two types of release: stable and edge.
If you don’t want to use stable version you can replace with edge.
We are able to add and enable docker to our Ubuntu repositories now it’s time to install Docker.
Step 1: Update Ubuntu Repositories
This is the last time we will ask you to update repositories type:
$ sudo apt update
Step 2: Install Docker
Once the update is completed, pass the below command to install docker on your system, or If you want to install a specific version of Docker, you can skip the below command.
$ sudo apt install docker-ce
Output Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required: bridge-utils ubuntu-fan wmdocker Use 'sudo apt autoremove' to remove them. The following additional packages will be installed: containerd.io docker-ce-cli docker-ce-rootless-extras slirp4netns Suggested packages: aufs-tools The following packages will be REMOVED: containerd runc The following NEW packages will be installed: containerd.io docker-ce docker-ce-cli docker-ce-rootless-extras slirp4netns 0 upgraded, 5 newly installed, 2 to remove and 0 not upgraded. Need to get 103 MB of archives. After this operation, 309 MB of additional disk space will be used. Do you want to continue? [Y/n]
If you want to install a specific version of Docker first we have to list out the available version from the Docker repository:
$ apt list -a docker-ce
Output Listing... Done docker-ce/focal 5:20.10.1~3-0~ubuntu-focal amd64 docker-ce/focal 5:20.10.0~3-0~ubuntu-focal amd64 docker-ce/focal 5:19.03.14~3-0~ubuntu-focal amd64 docker-ce/focal 5:19.03.13~3-0~ubuntu-focal amd64 docker-ce/focal 5:19.03.12~3-0~ubuntu-focal amd64 docker-ce/focal 5:19.03.11~3-0~ubuntu-focal amd64 docker-ce/focal 5:19.03.10~3-0~ubuntu-focal amd64 docker-ce/focal 5:19.03.9~3-0~ubuntu-focal amd64
For example, I need to install
5:20.10.1~3-0~ubuntu-focal I’ll append the command like the below, and press enter key to start the installation process.
$ sudo apt install docker-ce=5:20.10.1~3-0~ubuntu-focal
This is the optional step if you don’t want to auto-update Docker package, you can disable that too.
$ sudo apt-mark hold docker-ce Output docker-ce set on hold
Step 3: Check version
We have finished the installation process if you want to check Docker version pass the following command in terminal:
$ docker --version Output Docker version 20.10.2, build 2291f61
Method 3: Install Docker for .deb package
From the above method, we are able to install Docker still if you want to install the latest docker in a very simple you can follow this method.
Step 1: Download .deb file
To Download Docker-ce-cli_xx.xx.xx.deb file Click on the below button and follow the further instructions:
After the page gets load, select the latest or the required docker.package .deb file and wait for the file to be downloaded.
Once the download is complete open your terminal and go to the directory where the file is present and Install the file.
$ sudo dpkg -i /Path/docker-xxxxx.deb
In my case, I have downloaded docker-xxxx.deb file to the Download folder and start the installation process.
$ sudo dpkg -i ~/Downloads/docker-ce-rootless-extras_20.10.0_3-0_ubuntu-focal_amd64.deb
After that installation is completed, now you can run Docker from the terminal itself.
That’s all to Install Docker on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS(FOCAL). We have shared you the three methods to Install Docker. If you want to install Docker Please go with Method 2.
Please let me know in the comment section how this guided article helps you to install Docker.
A man with a tech effusive who has explored some of the amazing technology stuff and is exploring more. While moving towards, I had a chance to work on Android development, Linux, AWS, and DevOps with several open-source tools.